Accessibility Tools
  • Rotator Cuff Tear

    Rotator Cuff Tear

    A rotator cuff is a group of tendons in the shoulder joint that provides support and enables a wide range of motion. A major injury to these tendons may result in rotator cuff tears. It is one of the most common causes of shoulder pain in middle-aged and older individuals.

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  • Shoulder Pain

    Shoulder Pain

    Pain in the shoulder may suggest an injury, which is more common in athletes participating in sports such as swimming, tennis, pitching, and weightlifting. The injuries are caused due to the over usage or repetitive motion of the arms. In addition to pain, shoulder injuries also cause stiffness, restricted movements, difficulty in performing routine activities and popping sensation.

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  • Shoulder Bursitis

    Shoulder Bursitis

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  • Subluxation

    Subluxation

    Subluxation usually occurs from falls or a direct blow to your shoulder. It can also be caused due to a previous shoulder injury or if the ligaments in your shoulder are loose. Subluxations tend to recur due to laxity in the ligaments.

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  • Shoulder Impingement

    Shoulder Impingement

    Shoulder impingement is the inflammation of the tendons of the shoulder joint. It is one of the most common causes of pain in the shoulder. Shoulder impingement is also called swimmer’s shoulder, tennis shoulder or rotator cuff tendinitis.

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  • SLAP Tears

    SLAP Tears

    The term SLAP (superior –labrum anterior-posterior) lesion or SLAP tear refers to an injury of the superior labrum of the shoulder.

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  • Arthritis of the Shoulder

    Arthritis of the Shoulder

    Osteoarthritis is also called a degenerative joint disease; this is the most common type of arthritis, which occurs often in the elderly. This disease affects the cartilage, the tissue that cushions and protects the ends of bones in a joint.

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  • Frozen Shoulder

    Frozen Shoulder

    Frozen shoulder, also called adhesive capsulitis, is a condition characterized by pain and loss of motion in the shoulder joint. It is more common in older adults aged between 40 and 60 years and is more common in women than men.

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  • Shoulder Instability

    Shoulder Instability

    Shoulder instability is a chronic condition that causes frequent dislocation of the shoulder joint.

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  • Shoulder Labral Tear

    Shoulder Labral Tear

    Traumatic injury to the shoulder or overuse of the shoulder (throwing, weightlifting) may cause the labrum to tear. In addition, aging may weaken the labrum leading to injury.

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  • Shoulder Dislocation

    Shoulder Dislocation

    Sports that involve overhead movements and repeated use of the shoulder at your workplace may lead to sliding of the upper arm bone from the glenoid. The dislocation might be a partial dislocation (subluxation) or a complete dislocation causing pain and shoulder joint instability. The shoulder joint often dislocates in the forward direction (anterior instability), and sometimes in the backward or downward direction.

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  • Shoulder Fractures

    Shoulder Fractures

    A break in a bone that makes up the shoulder joint is called a shoulder fracture.

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  • Shoulder Trauma

    Shoulder Trauma

    Shoulder injuries most commonly occur in athletes participating in sports such as swimming, tennis, pitching, and weightlifting. The injuries are caused due to the over usage or repetitive motion of the arms.

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  • Clavicle Fracture

    Clavicle Fracture

    The break or fracture of the clavicle (collarbone) is a common sports injury associated with contact sports such as football and martial arts, as well as impact sports such as motor racing. A direct blow over the shoulder that may occur during a fall on an outstretched arm or a motor vehicle accident may cause the clavicle bone to break.

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  • Proximal Humerus Fractures

    Proximal Humerus Fractures

    Fractures of the proximal humerus are common in elderly individuals suffering from osteoporosis. In younger individuals, a severe trauma such as a fall from a height on an outstretched hand or motor vehicle accident can cause these fractures.

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  • Baseball and Shoulder Injuries

    Baseball and Shoulder Injuries

    Shoulder injuries in baseball players are usually associated with pitching. While this overhand throwing activity can produce great speed and distance for the ball, when performed repeatedly, can place a lot of stress on the shoulder. While pitching, the arm is thrown outward and backward to generate speed. This action forces the head of the humerus forward, stressing the surrounding ligaments and tendons.

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  • Sternoclavicular Joint (SC joint)

    Sternoclavicular Joint (SC joint)

    The sternoclavicular joint is the joint between the breastbone (sternum) and the collar bone (clavicle). The SC joint is one of the 4 joints that complete the shoulder and is the only joint that links the arm to the body. Like any other joints, the SC joint is covered by articular cartilage that helps the bones slide effortlessly against each other during arm and shoulder movement.

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  • Treatment of Throwing Injuries of the Shoulder

    Treatment of Throwing Injuries of the Shoulder

    Throwing injuries of the shoulder are injuries sustained as a result of trauma by athletes during sports activities that involve repetitive overhand motions of the arm as in baseball, American football, volleyball, rugby, tennis, track and field events, etc.

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  • Acromioclavicular (AC) Arthritis

    Acromioclavicular (AC) Arthritis

    The acromioclavicular joint is part of the shoulder joint. It is formed by the union of the acromion, a bony process of the shoulder blade, and the outer end of the collar bone or clavicle. The joint is lined by cartilage that gradually wears with age as well as with repeated overhead or shoulder level activities such as basketball.

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  • Bicep Tendon Rupture

    Bicep Tendon Rupture

    The biceps tendon is a tough band of connective fibrous tissue that attaches your biceps muscle to the bones in your shoulder on one side and the elbow on the other side.

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  • Shoulder Labral Tear with Instability

    Shoulder Labral Tear with Instability

    Shoulder instability results when the humeral head is not held firmly within the glenoid cavity and may lead to a dislocation. Tearing, stretching or peeling of the labrum can result in shoulder instability. It can also occur with defects of the shoulder capsule and ligaments.

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  • Long Head Biceps Tendon Rupture

    Long Head Biceps Tendon Rupture

    The long head of the biceps tendon is a tough band of connective fibrous tissue that attaches the long head of the biceps to the top of the shoulder socket.

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  • Massive Retracted Rotator Cuff Tear

    Massive Retracted Rotator Cuff Tear

    Massive rotator cuff tears involve tears in two complete tendons of the rotator cuff. A tear of more than 5 cm is described as massive. A massive tear may be associated with degeneration and retraction of the tendon and can be difficult to repair if treatment is delayed.

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  • Rotator Cuff Pain

    Rotator Cuff Pain

    Initial treatment involves the use of conservative methods such as rest, non-steroidal medications, physical therapy, and steroid injections.

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  • Periprosthetic Shoulder Infection

    Periprosthetic Shoulder Infection

    A periprosthetic shoulder joint infection is a very rare, but devastating complication of shoulder replacement surgery characterized by infection of the tissues surrounding your shoulder prosthesis.

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  • Periprosthetic Shoulder Fracture

    Periprosthetic Shoulder Fracture

    A periprosthetic shoulder fracture is a fracture that occurs in the bone adjacent to a shoulder prosthesis.

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